Rosaceae Phylogeny home
Maloideae origin

Campbell, CS, MJ Donoghue, BG Baldwin 1995 Phylogenetic relationships in Maloideae (Rosaceae): evidence from sequences of the internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA and its congruence with morphology. Am J Bot 82: 903-918.

Challice, JS 1973 Phenolic compounds of the subfamily Maloideae: A chemotaxonomic survey. Phytochemistry 12: 1095-1101.

Challice, JS 1974 Rosaceae chemotaxonomy and the origins of the Pomoideae. Bot J Linn Soc 69: 239-259.

Challice, JS 1981 Chemotaxonomic studies in the Rosaceae and the evolutionary origins of the subfamily Maloideae. Preslia 53: 289-304.

Eriksson, T, MJ Donoghue, MS Hibbs 1998 Phylogenetic analysis of Potentilla using DNA sequences of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS), and implications for the classification of Rosoideae (Rosaceae). Plant Syst Evol 211: 155-179.

Evans, RC 1994 Floral Development of 10- and 20-stamen Morphotypes of Crataegus Section Douglasii. Masters. University of Toronto, Toronto.

Gibbs, RD 1974 Chemotaxonomy of Flowering Plants III. Rosaceae. Mcgill-Queen's University Press, Montreal.

Kalkman, C 1988 The phylogeny of the Rosaceae. Bot J Linn Soc 98: 37-60.

Kania, W 1973 Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen an Rosaceenbluten. Bot Jahr Syst 93: 175-246.

Maddison, WP, DR Maddison 1992, 1997 MacClade: Analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. 3. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Morgan, DR, DE Soltis, KR Robertson 1994 Systematic and evolutionary implications of rbcL sequence variation in Rosaceae. Am J Bot 81: 890-903.

Payer, JB 1857 Traité d'organogenie comparée de la fleur. J. Cramer, New York. 899.

Péchoutre, F 1902 L'ovule et de la graine des Rosacées. Le Grade de Docteur es Sciences Naturelles. Université de Paris, Paris.

Phipps, JB, KR Robertson, JR Rohrer 1991 Origins and evolution of subfam. Maloideae (Rosaceae). Syst Bot 16: 303-332.

Rohrer, JR, KR Robertson, JB Phipps 1991 Variation in structure among fruits of Maloideae (Rosaceae). Am J Bot 78: 1617-1635.

Rohrer, JR, KR Robertson, JB Phipps 1994 Floral morphology of Maloideae (Rosaceae) and its systematic relevance. Am J Bot 81: 574-581.

Sattler, R 1973 Organogenesis of flowers - a photographic text-atlas. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Savile, DBO 1979 Fungi as aids in higher plant classification. Botanical Review 45: 380-495.

Steeves, TA, WM Steeves, AR Olson 1991 Flower development in Amelanchier alnifolia (Maloideae). Can J Bot 69: 844-857.

Swofford, DL 1998 PAUP* Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (* and Other Methods). 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts.

Swofford, DL, GJ Olsen, PJ Waddell, DM Hillis 1996 Phylogenetic inference. In Molecular Systematics.2nd.DM Hillis C Moritz BK Mable Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts. 655.

Takhtajan, A 1997 Diversity and classification of flowering plants. Columbia University Press, New York.

Waalart, RAM 1980 Distribution of sorbitol in Rosaceae. Phytochemistry 19: 2603-2610.

Zhang, S-Y 1992 Wood anatomy of the Rosaceae. Rijksherbarium/Hortus Botanicus,

All photographs on these pages copyright © Rodger Evans 1999.

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