The following is a transcription of the letter on the left. The first section was written by Charles Ede concerning the death of a crewmember on his expedition. The second section was written by Adam White concerning Saxifraga oppositifolia.

"Situated on the ice bound and desolate shore of Griffiths Id. facing the N.N.E. future voyages may find the lonely grave of G.S. Malcolm. Here where the unbroken stillness give a sacredness to the spot, his journying companions erected a tablet to the memory of one who too jealously expressed himself in the great cause of humanity.While travelling along the southern shores of Parry Gulf at about fifty miles from the ships he was severely frostbitten in both feet and recklessly jepordizing his own saftey in a noble fear of hindering the search became at last unable


of proceeding further. Placed upon the sledge protected from the cold by buffalo robes he was born back to the ships but after the first or second day became delirious. The officers and men cheerfully sacrificed their own comfort to the wants of their brave and unfortunate comrade. after seven days hard travelling they reachesd the Resolute to which he belonged. He then became sensible and expressed his satisfaction at being on board. Too soon however he collapsed and died without much

suffering. He was twenty four years of age and served as able seaman aboard H.M.S. Resolute. His conduct had been invariably good and his loss was regretted by the whole squadron. An epitaph was written by Cpt. Austin which will be found in the illustrated Arctic News."

-Carles Ede

This next portion was written by Adam White.

"Charles Ede Surg. R.N. The plant covering Malcolm's grave was Saxifraga oppositifolia . This is the favourite flower of Dr. Grenville as ascertained by Dr. Johnston who wrote to ask him; he replied " I was once on the summit of Ben Lawers in april, when a girdle of snow was around the mountain and projecting rocks within a few feet of the top, radiant in the sunshine with the purple Saxifrage- a carpet of flowers clinging to the very soil and kissing the snow. It is twenty five years since I made that excursion and I have never forgot that sight. My flower should then, if you please be Saxifraga oppositifolia. The Botany of the Eastern Borders. p.166. (1853)

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